Joint Consultative Machinery (JCM) – Frequently Asked Questions

Joint Consultative Machinery (JCM) – Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Joint Consultative Machinery?

The scheme of Joint Consultative Machinery is a platform for constructive
dialogue between the representatives of the staff side and the official
side for peaceful resolution of all disputes between the Government as
employer and the employees. The scheme was introduced in 1966 with the
objectives of promoting harmonious relations and securing the greatest
measure of cooperation between the Central 1 Government as the employer and
the employees in matters of common concern and with the object of further
increasing the efficiency of the public service combined with the well
being of those employed. The scheme is a non-statutory one mutually agreed
upon between the staff side and the official side.
2. What is the applicability of the JCM Scheme?

The scheme covers all regular civil employees of the Central Government,
(a)The Class-I services;
(b)The Class-II services, other than the Central Secretariat Services and
the other comparable services in the headquarters organisation of the
(c) Persons in industrial establishments employed mainly in managerial or
administrative capacity, and those who being employed in supervisory
capacity drawing salary going beyond grade pay of Rs.4200/- per month;
Read also :  Pension revision of pre-2016 retired Loco Inspectors: Instructions with Illustration reg reckoning of Pay element (RBE No. 41/2019)
(d)Employees of the Union Territories; and
(e) Police personnel.

3. What is the structure of the Joint Councils under the JCM Scheme?

The scheme provides for setting up of Joint Councils at the National,
Departmental and Regional / Office levels. The National Council, chaired by
the Cabinet Secretary, is the apex body.

4. How are staff side members selected for various Joint Councils?

The representatives of the staff side for various Joint Councils are chosen
/ selected from members of the recognized service associations/ unions.

5. What is the time schedule for holding meetings of the
National/Departmental Councils?

As per the JCM Scheme, ordinary meeting of the National Council/
Departmental Council may be held as often as necessary as but not less than
once in four months.
6. How recognition is granted to the staff associations?

The Department of Personnel 86 Training being the nodal department for
matters relating to Joint Consultative Machinery and Compulsory
Arbitration, has notified Central Civil Services (Recognition of
Associations) Rules, 1993 for the purpose of granting recognition to
various service associations. Recognition is actually granted by the
concerned Ministry/ Department in accordance with the CCS (RSA) Rules,
Read also :  Revision of interest rates for Small Savings Schemes - MoF
In case of any doubt or confusion, the matter is referred to the JCA
Section of the Department of Personnel 8.5 Training for clarification/

7. What are the facilities available to recognised associations?

The recognized associations/ unions enjoy certain facilities like:
(a) Negotiations with the employer;
(b)Correspondence and meetings with the head of the administrative
(c) Provision of accommodation for the associations subject to
(d)Facility of special casual leave up to 20 days in a year to the office
bearers of the associations.
(e)Payment of T.A/ D.A for attending officially sponsored meetings; and
(f) Facility of seeking transfer of Chief Executive of the Union /
association to the Headquarters of the appropriate head of administration.

8. What will happen if there is no agreement between the staff and the
official side?

If there is no agreement between the staff and the official side on an
arbitrable issue, then the matter is to be referred to the Board of
Arbitration if so desired by the staff side.
Read also :  7th CPC -DOPT clarification on availability of option for fixation of pay on promotion from the Date of Next Increment (DNI) in the lower post and method of fixation of pay from DNI, if opted for.

9. What are the issues on which arbitration is possible? The
arbitration is limited to the following issues:

(a) Pay and allowances;
(b) Weekly hours of work ; and
(c) Leave

10. Is the award given by the Board of Arbitration binding on the

The award given by the Board of Arbitration is binding on the Government as
well as the staff side subject to the overriding authority of the
Parliament. The award can be modified/ rejected only with the approval of
the Parliament through a formal resolution on grounds affecting national
economy or social justice.